How Can Shipping Save Port Usage Fees?
Export fees are one of the main items of transportation costs. Some shipping companies’ port commissions account for more than 1/4 of the total cost, second only to fuel costs and ship repair costs. Therefore, saving port fees is a problem that ocean shipping companies must pay attention to in order to reduce transportation costs. Generally speaking, the ways for the ship to save port charges can be reflected in the following aspects:
1. The shipowner must understand and master the charging rules of various fees in each port, and the adjustment of the rates.
2. The shipowner should pay great attention to reasonable arrangements for the ship's various operations in the port, and make corresponding records.
3. Correctly grasp the time of entry and exit of ships. Efforts should be made to get in and out of the port during the day, because the port pilotage, tugboat, mooring, and other costs of ports in various countries will increase surcharges at night and holidays.
4. Before the ship enters and exits the port, if possible, level the fore and aft draft of the ship as much as possible to reduce the maximum draft of the ship. Because some ports, such as the port of Japan, the pilotage fee is based on the gross tonnage of the ship and the maximum draft at the fore and aft.
5. Declare the tonnage of the ship correctly. Ship tonnage tax, ship port fees, lighthouse fees, etc. are all calculated based on the ship’s tonnage. For ships with two or more full decks, triangular tonnage marks can be drawn on both sides, and two tonnages of different sizes can be used to replace the open and closed tonnages of the past shelter-deck ships. When the tonnage mark is submerged in the water, the ship should declare the large tonnage; when the tonnage mark is not submerged in the water, the ship should declare the small tonnage.
6. Stow goods reasonably. Strive for the simultaneous operation of all cargo tanks, and balance the loading and unloading time of each tank as much as possible to shorten the ship's time in port.
7. Make all preparations in time to reduce various waiting time costs.
8. The shipowner should carefully review and sign various charging documents to prevent undue losses.